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Ward Labour Market Profile
16UCGC : Walney South

This summary gives an overview of the labour market within 16UCGC : Walney South 2003 CAS ward which is in the Barrow-in-Furness local authority.

All figures are the most recent available.

Use the tools at the top of each table to:

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    Resident population
    Labour Supply
    Out-of-work benefits
    Definitions and explanations

larger map

Resident population


  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
Barrow-in-Furness
(numbers)
Great Britain
(numbers)
All people - aged 16 to 64 3,500 42,100 39,747,200
Males - aged 16 to 64 1,800 21,100 19,784,100
Females - aged 16 to 64 1,800 21,000 19,963,000
Source: ONS mid-year population estimates

Note: Percentages are based on total population.

Labour Supply

  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people
Economically active 2,663 72.3 68.7 74.0
In employment 2,496 67.7 63.5 69.8
Employees 2,308 62.6 57.9 61.0
Self employed 188 5.1 5.7 8.8
Unemployed 167 6.3 7.5 5.7
Males
Economically active 1,463 78.3 75.9 81.4
In employment 1,364 73.0 69.1 76.0
Employees 1,231 65.9 61.1 63.1
Self employed 133 7.1 8.0 12.9
Unemployed 99 6.8 9.0 6.5
Females
Economically active 1,200 66.0 61.5 66.8
Employment 1,132 62.3 58.0 63.7
Employees 1,077 59.3 54.6 59.0
Self employed 55 3.0 3.4 4.7
Unemployed 68 5.7 5.6 4.7
Source: 2001 Census of Population (Table CAS028 - Sex and Age by Economic Activity)

Note: Percentages are based on population aged 16-64, except unemployed which is based on economically active.
  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people
Economically inactive 1,022 27.7 31.3 26.0
Retired 183 5.0 5.7 4.5
Student 113 3.1 3.1 5.3
Other 726 19.7 22.6 16.2
Males
Economically inactive 405 21.7 24.1 18.6
Retired 63 3.4 3.9 3.0
Student 58 3.1 3.0 5.3
Other 284 15.2 17.2 10.4
Females
Economically inactive 617 34.0 38.5 33.2
Retired 120 6.6 7.4 6.1
Student 55 3.0 3.2 5.2
Other 442 24.3 27.9 21.9
Source: 2001 Census of Population (Table CAS028 - Sex and Age by Economic Activity)

Note: Percentages are based on population aged 16-64.
  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people
Full time in employment 1,809 72.2 71.1 75.9
Part time in employment 696 27.8 28.9 24.1
Males
Full time in employment 1,279 93.4 92.0 91.1
Part time in employment 90 6.6 8.0 8.9
Females
Full time in employment 530 46.7 46.4 58.0
Part time in employment 606 53.3 53.6 42.0
Source: 2001 Census of Population (Table CAS029 - Sex and Age by Hours Worked)

Note: Figures are for persons aged 16-64 and percentages are based on all persons in employment.
  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
1 Managers and senior officials 237 9.5 9.8 14.8
2 Professional 221 8.9 9.0 11.1
3 Associate professional & technical 341 13.7 12.6 13.9
4 Administrative & secretarial 301 12.1 10.9 13.3
5 Skilled trades 504 20.2 18.0 11.6
6 Personal services 191 7.7 8.0 7.0
7 Sales and customer services 213 8.5 8.9 7.8
8 Process plant and machine operatives 179 7.2 9.1 8.6
9 Elementary occupations 309 12.4 13.8 11.9
Source: 2001 Census of Population (Table CAS033 - Sex and Occupation by Age)

Note: Figures are for persons aged 16-64 by Soc 2000 major groups. Percentages are based on all persons in employment.
  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people
No qualifications or level unknown 1,564 37.4 40.8 35.8
Lower level qualifications 2,121 50.7 46.3 43.9
Higher level qualifications 502 12.0 13.0 20.4
In employment
No qualifications or level unknown 591 24.1 26.5 25.6
Lower level qualifications 1,499 61.0 56.7 48.9
Higher level qualifications 366 14.9 16.8 25.5
Unemployed
No qualifications or level unknown 42 27.8 33.9 38.4
Lower level qualifications 99 65.6 57.1 47.2
Higher level qualifications 10 6.6 9.0 14.5
Source: 2001 Census of Population (Table CAS032 - Sex and Age and Level of Qualifications by EA)

Note: All figures are for persons aged 16 to 74.

OUT-OF-WORK BENEFITS

The Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) is payable to people under pensionable age who are available for, and actively seeking, work.
  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people 61 1.7 3.0 2.4
Males 37 2.1 4.0 3.0
Females 24 1.4 2.0 1.7
Source: claimant count with rates and proportions

Note: The percentage figures show the number of JSA claimants as a proportion of resident population aged 16-64.
  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
by age of claimant
Aged 18-24 15 26.2 29.7 24.0
Aged 25-49 35 54.1 52.0 56.6
Aged 50 and over 10 19.7 18.3 19.2
by duration of claim
Up to 6 months 35 55.7 49.3 52.5
Over 6 up to 12 months 10 13.1 17.0 17.1
Over 12 months 20 31.1 33.8 30.3
Source: claimant count - age and duration

Note: The percentage figures represent the number of JSA claimants in a particular category as a percentage of all JSA claimants.
  16UCGC : Walney South
(numbers)
16UCGC : Walney South
(%)
Barrow-in-Furness
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
Total claimants 475 13.5 19.0 13.3
Job seekers 75 2.1 3.5 2.9
ESA and incapacity benefits 230 6.5 9.4 6.2
Lone parents 30 0.9 1.4 1.2
Carers 75 2.1 2.1 1.4
Others on income related benefits 10 0.3 0.5 0.3
Disabled 50 1.4 1.9 1.2
Bereaved 5 0.1 0.2 0.2
Key out-of-work benefits 345 9.8 14.8 10.6
Source: benefit claimants - working age clients for small areas

Key out-of-work benefits includes the groups: job seekers, ESA and incapacity benefits, lone parents and others on income related benefits. See the Definitions and Explanations below for details
Note: The percentage figures show the number of benefit claimants as a proportion of resident population aged 16-64.

Definitions and Explanations

Most of the figures in this report are derived from the 2001 Census which was held on 29 April 2001. Further 2001 Census statistics are available from the Nomis wizard/advanced query for areas in England and Wales and the SCROL site for areas in Scotland.

Census figures are used as these provide the only comprehensive source of labour market information at ward level. ONS' preferred source for this information at higher levels (local authority, parliamentary constituency, regions) is the Annual population survey. Although the ward profile includes comparative figures for local authorities and regions, ONS advises that at these geographic levels the APS figures available in the local authority profile should be used in preference to the Census figures in the ward profile. Further information on comparing Census and LFS data is given below.

The wards used are referred to as CAS (Census Area Statistics) wards. These are based on administrative ward boundaries legally in force at the end of 2002, which includes ward boundaries that became operative in a number of local authorities in May 2003, and some others that become operative in May 2004.

In some cases, different tables may show different counts for the same population, this is due to disclosure protection measures used to prevent the inadvertent disclosure of information about identifiable individuals.

Resident Population

The estimated population of an area includes all those usually resident in the area, whatever their nationality. HM Forces stationed outside the United Kingdom are excluded but foreign forces stationed here are included. Students are taken to be resident at their term-time address.

Labour Supply

Economic activity: They relate to whether or not a person was working or looking for work in the week before Census. The concept of Economic Activity is compatible with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) definition of economic status.

Economically active: All people who were working in the week before the Census are described as economically active. In addition, the category includes people who were not working but were looking for work and were available to start work within 2 weeks. Full-time students who are economically active are included.

Economic activity rate (working age): The number of people, who are economically active aged 16 to 64, expressed as a percentage of all people aged 16 to 64.

Economically inactive: Within the Economic Activity classification, a person is either Economically Active or Inactive. Specific categories of Economic Inactivity are: Retired, Student (excludes those students who were working or in some other way were economically active), Looking after family/ home, Permanently sick/ disabled and Other. A person who is looking for work but is not available to start work within 2 weeks is counted as Economically Inactive.

Main job: The main job is the job in which a person usually works the most hours. Questions on employment relate to each person’s main job.

In employment: Any person who did paid work in the week before the Census, whether as an employee or self-employed, is described as employed or in employment. ‘Paid work’ includes casual or temporary work, even if only for one hour; being on a government-sponsored training scheme; being away from a job/business ill, on maternity leave, on holiday or temporarily laid off; or doing paid or unpaid work for their own or family business.

Employment rate: The number of people in employment expressed as a percentage of the resident population.

Employee: The distinction between employee and self-employed is determined by the response to the question ‘Do (did) you work as an employee or are (were) you self-employed?’ It relates to the person’s main job in the week before the Census or, if not working in the week before the Census, their last main job.

Self-employed: The distinction between employee and self employed is determined by the response to the question ‘Do (did) you work as an employee or are (were) you self-employed?’ It relates to the person’s main job in the week before Census or, if not working in the week before Census, their last main job.

Hours worked: The question on how many hours a week a person usually works in their main job is used to derive whether a person is working full-time (31 hours or more a week) or part-time (30 hours or less per week).

Full-time working: Working full-time is defined as working 31 hours or more a week.

Part-time working: Working part-time is defined as working 30 hours or less a week.

Unemployed: A person is defined as unemployed if he or she is not in employment, is available to start work in the next 2 weeks and has either looked for work in the last 4 weeks or is waiting to start a new job. This is consistent with the International Labour Office (ILO) standard classification.

Occupation: A person’s occupation is coded from the response to the question asking for the full title of the Main job and the description of what is done in that job. It is coded to the 2000 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC).

Qualifications: The term ‘no qualifications’ describes people without any academic, vocational or professional qualifications. The term ‘lower level’ qualifications is used to describe qualifications equivalent to levels 1 to 3 of the National Key Learning Targets (i.e. GSCE’s O levels, A levels, NVQ levels 1-3). The term ’Higher level’ refers to qualifications of levels 4 and above (i.e. first degrees, higher degrees, NVQ levels 4 and 5, HND, HNC and certain professional qualifications).


Out-of-work Benefits


JSA Claimant Count

JSA claimant count records the number of people claiming Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) and National Insurance credits at Jobcentre Plus local offices. People claiming JSA must declare that they are out of work, capable of, available for and actively seeking work during the week in which the claim is made.

The percentage figures express the number of claimants resident in an area as a percentage of those aged 16-64 resident in that area. Population figures used to calculate proportions are derived from the mid-2007 population estimates for local authorities and Great Britain, and mid-2006 population estimates for wards in England and Wales or mid-2001 for wards in Scotland and Ireland.

The count of total JSA claimants is mostly derived from the Jobcentre Plus computer records. For various reasons, e.g. when a claimant's National Insurance number is not known, a few claims have to be dealt with manually by local offices. These clerical claims, which amount to less than 1 per cent of the total, are counted separately and not analysed in as much detail as the computerised claims. The count of total JSA claimants includes clerical claims, but only the computerised claims are analysed by age and duration.


Introduction of Universal Credit

The Pathfinder for Universal Credit started on 29 April 2013 with the introduction of this new benefit in one Jobcentre Plus office (Ashton under Lyne). Three further offices will take claims from Summer 2013 and the roll out of Universal Credit across the rest of the UK will commence in October 2013. Universal Credit will replace a number of means-tested benefits including the means-tested element of Jobseeker?s Allowance (JSA). It will not replace contributory based JSA.

The Claimant Count measures the number of people claiming benefits principally for the reason of being unemployed. Since October 1996 it has been a count of the number of people claiming JSA. Following a consultation in 2012 by ONS, it was agreed that, with the introduction of Universal Credit, the Claimant Count would include:

The Claimant Count figures for May 2013 do not include claimants of Universal Credit. The absence of Universal Credit claimants is expected to have a very small effect on the Claimant Count for May 2013. This assessment reflects the small scale of the Pathfinder which initially only includes some of the new claims in Ashton under Lyne Jobcentre Plus office.

ONS is working with the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to include jobseeker Universal Credit claims in the Claimant Count statistics as soon as possible. Universal Credit information will be collated and quality assured by DWP statisticians to ensure that they meet the necessary quality standards before being passed to ONS for inclusion in the Claimant Count estimates.

Some of the areas partially affected by the geographic coverage of the Pathfinder exercise as at May 2013 are: