Crown Copyright

All material on the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and Nomis websites is subject to Crown Copyright protection unless otherwise indicated.

Reproducing ONS material

Under the terms of the Open Government Licence (OGL) and UK Government Licensing Framework (launched 30 September 2010), anyone wishing to use or re-use ONS material, whether commercially or privately, may do so freely without a specific application for a licence, subject to the conditions of the OGL and the Framework.

These new arrangements replace the previous Click-Use and Value Added Licences. For further information, go to the links above, phone 020 8876 3444 or email

Users should include a source accreditation to ONS:

Source: Office for National Statistics

Copyright of a third party

The permission to reproduce Crown protected material does not extend to any material on this site which is identified as being authored by a third party. Authorisation to reproduce such material must be obtained from the copyright holders concerned.


National Statistics products incorporate safeguards against possible identification of any particular person, household or business. You shall not use products to attempt to obtain or derive information relating specifically to an identified person, household or business, nor claim to have obtained or derived such information.

Business Register and Employment Survey (and former Annual Business Inquiry / Annual Employment Survey / Census of Employment) data are subject to further confidentiality restrictions. Where figures are marked as confidential, you must not pass them onto a third party (ie, appear in a paper/report/thesis or passed verbally to anyone not named on your Notice). For further information contact .


Most UK maps in ONS material are reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of HMSO under Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019153.

For permission to reproduce maps contact ONS Geography Customer Services at .

Hyperlinks to the Nomis website

No permission is necessary to hyperlink to pages on the Nomis website.