Labour Market Profile - Liverpool City Region

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The profile brings together data from several sources. Details about these and related terminology are given in the definitions section.

All figures are the most recent available.

Resident Population

  Liverpool City Region
(numbers)
North West
(numbers)
Great Britain
(numbers)
All people 1,551,500 7,292,100 64,553,900
Males 758,100 3,598,700 31,864,000
Females 793,400 3,693,400 32,689,900
Source: ONS Population estimates - local authority based by five year age band
  Liverpool City Region
(numbers)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people aged 16-64 976,500 62.9 62.3 62.7
Males aged 16-64 481,100 63.5 62.8 63.4
Females aged 16-64 495,400 62.4 61.8 62.0
Source: ONS Population estimates - local authority based by five year age band
Notes:   % is a proportion of total population

Labour Supply

  Liverpool City Region
(numbers)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people
Economically active† 755,500 75.5 77.1 78.9
In employment† 728,300 72.8 73.9 75.6
Employees† 644,000 64.8 64.3 64.6
Self employed† 82,000 7.8 9.4 10.7
Unemployed§ 27,200 3.6 4.0 4.1
Males
Economically active† 387,200 78.4 81.8 83.5
In employment† 372,800 75.5 78.1 79.9
Employees† 317,800 65.0 65.0 65.4
Self employed† 53,700 10.3 12.9 14.2
Unemployed§ 14,400 3.7 4.4 4.2
Females
Economically active† 368,300 72.7 72.4 74.3
In employment† 355,500 70.1 69.7 71.3
Employees† 326,200 64.6 63.6 63.9
Self employed† 28,300 5.4 5.9 7.2
Unemployed§ 12,800 3.5 3.7 3.9
Source: ONS annual population survey
†   -   numbers are for those aged 16 and over, % are for those aged 16-64
§   -   numbers and % are for those aged 16 and over. % is a proportion of economically active
  Liverpool City Region
(level)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people
Total 236,900 24.5 22.9 21.1
Student 57,000 24.1 26.8 26.9
looking after family/home 53,100 22.4 22.5 23.6
temporary sick 4,000 1.7 2.0 1.9
long-term sick 70,000 29.5 26.1 23.0
discouraged 2,400 1.0 0.5 0.4
retired 27,400 11.6 12.9 12.9
other 23,000 9.7 9.3 11.2
 
wants a job 47,500 20.0 18.3 20.7
does not want a job 189,500 80.0 81.7 79.3
Source: ONS annual population survey
Notes:   numbers are for those aged 16-64.
  % is a proportion of those economically inactive, except total, which is a proportion of those aged 16-64
  Liverpool City Region
North West
Great Britain
Number of Workless Households 94,200 376,100 2,919,800
Percentage of Households that are Workless 19.0 16.3 14.3
Number of children in Workless Households 41,300 162,900 1,259,000
Percentage of children who are in Households that are Workless 15.0 11.7 10.3
Source: ONS annual population survey - households by combined economic activity status
Notes:   Only includes those households that have at least one person aged 16 to 64.
  Children refers to all children aged under 16.
  Liverpool City Region
(numbers)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
Soc 2010 major group 1-3 311,800 43.0 44.5 47.1
1 Managers, directors and senior officials 66,500 9.1 10.3 11.1
2 Professional occupations 141,600 19.4 20.1 21.0
3 Associate professional & technical 103,700 14.2 13.9 14.8
Soc 2010 major group 4-5 149,500 20.6 20.0 19.9
4 Administrative & secretarial 83,600 11.5 10.3 9.8
5 Skilled trades occupations 65,900 9.0 9.6 10.0
Soc 2010 major group 6-7 143,900 19.8 17.9 16.4
6 Caring, leisure and Other Service occupations 78,100 10.7 9.6 9.0
7 Sales and customer service occs 65,900 9.0 8.3 7.3
Soc 2010 major group 8-9 119,900 16.5 17.6 16.6
8 Process plant & machine operatives 46,100 6.3 6.8 6.3
9 Elementary occupations 73,800 10.1 10.7 10.3
Source: ONS annual population survey
Notes:   Numbers and % are for those of 16+
  % is a proportion of all persons in employment
  Liverpool City Region
(level)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
NVQ4 and above 318,300 32.9 35.5 39.3
NVQ3 and above 502,500 52.0 55.1 57.8
NVQ2 and above 704,000 72.8 74.1 74.9
NVQ1 and above 800,300 82.8 84.8 85.4
Other qualifications 62,800 6.5 6.1 6.8
No qualifications 103,500 10.7 9.1 7.8
Source: ONS annual population survey
Notes:   For an explanation of the qualification levels see the definitions section.
  Numbers and % are for those of aged 16-64
  % is a proportion of resident population of area aged 16-64

Out-Of-Work Benefits

Under Universal Credit a broader span of claimants are required to look for work than under Jobseeker's Allowance. As Universal Credit Full Service is rolled out in particular areas, the number of people recorded as being on the Claimant Count is therefore likely to rise.

  Liverpool City Region
(numbers)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
All people 39,755 4.1 3.5 2.9
Males 23,585 4.9 4.2 3.3
Females 16,170 3.3 2.9 2.4
Source: ONS Claimant count by sex and age
Note:   % is the number of claimants as a proportion of resident population of area aged 16-64 and gender
  Liverpool City Region
(level)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
Aged 16+ 39,755 4.1 3.5 2.9
Aged 16 to 17 100 0.3 0.3 0.3
Aged 18 to 24 7,745 5.3 4.8 4.0
Aged 18 to 21 4,580 5.5 5.1 4.3
Aged 25 to 49 22,690 4.6 4.0 3.1
Aged 50+ 9,220 3.0 2.6 2.4
Source: ONS Claimant count by sex and age
Note:   % is number of claimants as a proportion of resident population of the same age
  Liverpool City Region
(numbers)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
Total claimants 161,080 16.5 13.2 11.0
By statistical group
Job seekers 11,040 1.1 1.0 1.1
ESA and incapacity benefits 97,200 9.9 7.8 6.1
Lone parents 12,950 1.3 1.0 1.0
Carers 26,200 2.7 2.1 1.7
Others on income related benefits 2,470 0.3 0.2 0.2
Disabled 9,490 1.0 0.8 0.8
Bereaved 1,740 0.2 0.2 0.2
Main out-of-work benefits† 123,650 12.7 10.1 8.4
Source: DWP benefit claimants - working age client group
†   Main out-of-work benefits includes the groups: job seekers, ESA and incapacity benefits, lone parents and others on income related benefits. See the Definitions and Explanations below for details
Notes:   % is a proportion of resident population of area aged 16-64
  Figures in this table do not yet include claimants of Universal Credit

Labour Demand

  Liverpool City Region
(jobs)
Liverpool City Region
(density)
North West
(density)
Great Britain
(density)
Jobs density 720,000 0.74 0.83 0.86
Source: ONS jobs density
Notes:   The density figures represent the ratio of total jobs to population aged 16-64.
  Total jobs includes employees, self-employed, government-supported trainees and HM Forces
  Liverpool City Region
(employee jobs)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
Total employee jobs 631,000 - - -
Full-time 412,000 65.3 67.9 67.6
Part-time 219,000 34.7 32.1 32.4
Employee jobs by industry
B : Mining and quarrying 400 0.1 0.1 0.2
C : Manufacturing 49,000 7.8 9.6 8.1
D : Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1,250 0.2 0.5 0.5
E : Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 4,000 0.6 0.6 0.7
F : Construction 25,000 4.0 4.7 4.7
G : Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 99,000 15.7 16.9 15.2
H : Transportation and storage 36,000 5.7 5.5 4.8
I : Accommodation and food service activities 44,000 7.0 7.1 7.6
J : Information and communication 13,000 2.1 2.7 4.2
K : Financial and insurance activities 16,000 2.5 2.7 3.5
L : Real estate activities 9,000 1.4 1.5 1.7
M : Professional, scientific and technical activities 43,000 6.8 8.3 8.7
N : Administrative and support service activities 53,000 8.4 9.0 9.1
O : Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 38,000 6.0 4.5 4.3
P : Education 58,000 9.2 8.5 8.9
Q : Human health and social work activities 110,000 17.4 13.4 13.2
R : Arts, entertainment and recreation 18,000 2.9 2.4 2.5
S : Other service activities 13,000 2.1 1.9 2.0
Source: ONS Business Register and Employment Survey : open access
-   Data unavailable
Notes:   % is a proportion of total employee jobs excluding farm-based agriculture
  Employee jobs excludes self-employed, government-supported trainees and HM Forces
  Data excludes farm-based agriculture
  Liverpool City Region
(headcount)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
Total civil service jobs 17,120 2.9 1.7 1.5
Full-time 11,660 1.9 1.2 1.1
Part-time 5,460 0.9 0.5 0.3
Source: ONS Annual Civil Service Employment Survey
Note:   Percentages based on % of total jobs in area that are civil service jobs
  Liverpool City Region
(headcount)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(%)
Great Britain
(%)
Total civil service jobs 17,120 - - -
Full-time 11,660 68.1 71.8 76.9
Part-time 5,460 31.9 28.2 23.1
Male 6,720 39.3 41.5 45.7
Full-time 5,900 34.5 36.9 41.5
Part-time 820 4.8 4.6 4.2
Female 10,400 60.7 58.5 54.3
Full-time 5,760 33.6 35.0 35.4
Part-time 4,640 27.1 23.5 18.9
Source: ONS Annual Civil Service Employment Survey
Note:   Percentages based on % of Total Civil Service Jobs made up of each category

Businesses

  Liverpool City Region
(numbers)
Liverpool City Region
(%)
North West
(numbers)
North West
(%)
Enterprises
Micro (0 to 9) 37,550 88.1 236,975 88.8
Small (10 to 49) 4,120 9.7 24,390 9.1
Medium (50 to 249) 760 1.8 4,405 1.7
Large (250+) 185 0.4 1,040 0.4
Total 42,615 - 266,810 -
Local Units
Micro (0 to 9) 42,660 81.6 262,955 83.3
Small (10 to 49) 7,580 14.5 42,140 13.4
Medium (50 to 249) 1,755 3.4 9,055 2.9
Large (250+) 280 0.5 1,375 0.4
Total 52,275 - 315,525 -
Source: Inter Departmental Business Register (ONS)

Note:   % is as a proportion of total (enterprises or local units)

Definitions and Explanations

Resident Population
The estimated population of an area includes all those usually resident in the area, whatever their nationality. HM Forces stationed outside the United Kingdom are excluded but foreign forces stationed here are included. Students are taken to be resident at their term-time address.
Labour Supply

Labour supply consists of people who are employed, as well as those people defined as unemployed or economically inactive, who can be considered to be potential labour supply. Information in this section relates to the characteristics of people living in an area.

Most labour supply data comes from the Annual Population Survey (APS). The APS is the largest regular household survey in the United Kingdom. It includes data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), plus further sample boosts in England, Wales and Scotland. The survey includes data from a sample of around 256,000 people aged 16 and over.

As APS estimates are based on samples, they are subject to sampling variability. This means that if another sample for the same period were drawn, a different estimate might be produced. In general, the larger the number of people in a sample, the smaller the variation between estimates. Estimates for smaller areas such as local authorities are therefore less reliable than those for larger areas such as regions. When the sample size is too small to produce reliable estimates, the estimates are replaced with a #.

Economically Active
Economically active
People who are either in employment or unemployed.
Economic activity rate
People, who are economically active, expressed as a percentage of all people.
In employment
People who did some paid work in the reference week (whether as an employee or self employed); those who had a job that they were temporarily away from (eg, on holiday); those on government-supported training and employment programmes; and those doing unpaid family work.
Employment rate
The number of people in employment expressed as a percentage of all people aged 16-64.
Employees and self employed
The division between employees and self employed is based on survey respondents' own assessment of their employment status. The percentage show the number in each category as a percentage of all people aged 16-64. The sum of employees and self employed will not equal the in employment figure due to the inclusion of those on government-supported training and employment programmes, and those doing unpaid family work in the latter.
Unemployed
Refers to people without a job who were available to start work in the two weeks following their interview and who had either looked for work in the four weeks prior to interview or were waiting to start a job they had already obtained.
Unemployment rate
Unemployed as a percentage of the economically active population.
Economically inactive
Economically inactive
People who are neither in employment nor unemployed. This group includes, for example, all those who were looking after a home or retired.
Wanting a job
People not in employment who want a job but are not classed as unemployed because they have either not sought work in the last four weeks or are not available to start work.
Not wanting a job
People who are neither in employment nor unemployed and who do not want a job.
Workless Households
Households
A household is defined as a single person, or a group of people living at the same address who have the address as their only or main residence and either share one main meal a day or share living accommodation (or both). For the purposes of this table, estimates only include those households where at least 1 person is aged 16 to 64.
Workless households
Households where no-one aged 16 or over is in employment. These members may be unemployed or economically inactive. Economically inactive members may be unavailable to work because of family commitments, retirement or study, or unable to work through sickness or disability.
Children
Children refers to all children under 16.
Occupation
Occupations are classified according to the Standard Occupation Classification 2000. Descriptions of the job titles included in each code are available in the SOC manuals.
Qualifications

Qualifications data are only be available from the APS for calendar year periods, for example, Jan to Dec 2005. The variables show the total number of people who are qualified at a particular level and above, so data in this table are not additive. Separate figures for each NVQ level are available in the full Annual Population Survey data set (Query data).

The trade apprenticeships are split 50/50 between NVQ level 2 and 3. This follows ONS policy for presenting qualifications data in publications. Separate counts for trade apprenticeships can be obtained from the full APS data set (Query data).

No qualifications
No formal qualifications held.
Other qualifications
includes foreign qualifications and some professional qualifications.
NVQ 1 equivalent
e.g. fewer than 5 GCSEs at grades A-C, foundation GNVQ, NVQ 1, intermediate 1 national qualification (Scotland) or equivalent.
NVQ 2 equivalent
e.g. 5 or more GCSEs at grades A-C, intermediate GNVQ, NVQ 2, intermediate 2 national qualification (Scotland) or equivalent.
NVQ 3 equivalent
e.g. 2 or more A levels, advanced GNVQ, NVQ 3, 2 or more higher or advanced higher national qualifications (Scotland) or equivalent.
NVQ 4 equivalent and above
e.g. HND, Degree and Higher Degree level qualifications or equivalent.
Out-Of-Work Benefits
Claimant Count (Experimental Statistics)

The Claimant Count is the number of people claiming benefit principally for the reason of being unemployed. This is measured by combining the number of people claiming Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) and National Insurance credits with the number of people receiving Universal Credit principally for the reason of being unemployed. Claimants declare that they are out of work, capable of, available for and actively seeking work during the week in which the claim is made.

The measure of the number of people receiving Universal Credit principally for the reason of being unemployed is still being developed by the Department for Work and Pensions. Consequently this component of the total Claimant Count does not yet correctly reflect the target population of unemployed claimants and is subject to revisions. For this reason the Claimant Count is currently designated as Experimental Statistics.

The Claimant Count is mostly derived from DWP administrative systems. For various reasons, e.g. a claimant's National Insurance number is not known, a small number of claims have to be dealt with manually. These clerical claims do not have as much detail as the computerised claims and therefore, whilst part of the claimant count by sex table, cannot be included the age breakdown.

Rates by age

Unemployment benefits normally only apply to people aged 18 years and over. They can only be claimed by 16 and 17 year olds in exceptional circumstances. Consequently the counts for this age group are typically very low.

DWP Working-Age Client Group

From August 2017 DWP discontinued this dataset when they changed the way they publish their benefit statistics. The last period of data is the November 2016 figures published in May 2017.

The number of working-age people who are claiming one or more main DWP benefits. The main benefits are: bereavement benefit, carer's allowance, disability living allowance, ESA and incapacity benefit, severe disablement allowance, income support, jobseeker's allowance, and widow's benefit. The age at which women reach State Pension age is gradually increasing from 60 to 65 between April 2010 and April 2020. Throughout this period, only women below State Pension age are counted as working age benefit claimants."

The total count is broken down by statistical groups. These categorise each person according to the main reason why they are claiming benefit. Each client is classified to a single group.

Benefits are arranged hierarchically and claimants are assigned to a group according to the top most benefit they receive. Thus a person who is a lone parent and receives Incapacity Benefit would be classified as incapacity benefits. Consequently, the group lone parent will not contain all lone parents as some will be included in the incapacity benefits group and Job seekers groups.

Main out-of-work benefits consists of the groups: job seekers, ESA and incapacity benefits, lone parents and others on income related benefits.

These groups have been chosen to best represent a count of all those benefit recipients who cannot be in full-time employment as part of their condition of entitlement. Those claiming solely Bereavement Benefits or Disability Living Allowance (DLA) are not included as these are not out-of-work or income based benefits. DLA is paid to those needing help with personal care. These people can, and some will, be in full-time employment. If DLA claimants are also in receipt of JSA, IS, ESA or Incapacity Benefits in addition to DLA they will be counted under the relevant statistical group. In addition, we exclude those claiming solely carer's benefits or claiming carer's benefits alongside income support, as DWP does not pursue active labour market policies for this group. Carers benefits are paid to those with full time caring responsibilities. The group entitled to Carer's benefits alongside Income Support (IS) includes around 86,000 claimants and has been stable over time.

This Nomis series is different to that published in the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Labour Market Bulletin. The Nomis series uses DWP Jobseeker's Allowance numbers, whilst the Labour Market Bulletin uses the Claimant Count, using different methods, coverage and reference periods

Labour Demand

Labour demand includes jobs available within the area.

Jobs Density

The level of jobs per resident aged 16-64. For example, a job density of 1.0 would mean that there is one job for every resident aged 16-64.

The total number of jobs is a workplace-based measure and comprises employee jobs, self-employed, government-supported trainees and HM Forces. The number of residents aged 16-64 figures used to calculate jobs densities are based on the relevant mid-year population estimates.

Employee Jobs

The number of jobs held by employees. Employee jobs excludes self-employed, government-supported trainees and HM Forces, so this count will be smaller than the total jobs figure shown in the Jobs density table. The information comes from the Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) - an employer survey conducted in September of each year. The BRES records a job at the location of an employee's workplace (rather than at the location of the business's main office).

Full-time and part-time:
In the BRES, part-time employees are those working for 30 or fewer hours per week.
Note
All figures exclude farm-based agriculture
Annual Civil Service Employment Survey

The Annual Civil Service Employment Survey (ACSES) is based on a census of civil service departments on 31 March. ACSES counts all home Civil Service employees. It excludes the Northern Ireland Civil Service, other Crown servants and employees of the wider public sector. There are home Civil Service employees based in Northern Ireland and Overseas. Headcount statistics are based on the number of employees with an employment contract who are being paid by the organisation. Employees can be permanent, on a fixed-term contract or employed on a temporary basis. The self-employed, contract workers and agency workers are excluded. Employees not on the payroll and not being paid during the reference period are also excluded, for example, those on unpaid maternity leave, unpaid sick absence and career breaks. Full-time employees are those who are contracted to work 37 hours per week (36 hours per week in London for employees employed prior to 2013. Employees in London substantively promoted since 2013, or who have joined the Civil Service subsequent to this date, are now contracted to work 37 hours per week if on a full-time basis). Part-time employees are those who work less than the normal contracted hours.

Note ACSES data is currenly only available for local authorities in England and Wales.

UK Business Counts

The data contained in the table are compiled from an extract taken from the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) recording the position of units as at March of the reference year. The IDBR contains information on VAT traders and PAYE employers in a statistical register which provides the basis for the Office for National Statistics to conduct surveys of businesses.

The table presents analysis of businesses at both Enterprise and Local Unit level. An Enterprise is the smallest combination of legal units (generally based on VAT and/or PAYE records) which has a certain degree of autonomy within an Enterprise Group. An individual site (for example a factory or shop) in an enterprise is called a local unit.

The employment information on the IDBR is drawn mainly from the Business Register Employment Survey (BRES). Because this is based on a sample of enterprises, estimates from previous returns and from other ONS surveys have also been used. For the smallest units, either PAYE jobs or employment imputed from VAT turnover is used.

Estimates in the table are rounded to prevent disclosure.

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Source: Office for National Statistics

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