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This summary gives an overview of the labour market within W39000511 : Bettws 2011 ward
which is in the
Bridgend local authority.
All figures are the most recent available.
Use the tools at the bottom of each table to:
Under Universal Credit a broader span of claimants are required to look for work than under Jobseeker's Allowance.
As Universal Credit Full Service is rolled out in particular areas, the number of people recorded
as being on the Claimant Count is therefore likely to rise.
Most of the figures in this report are derived from the 2011 Census which was held on 27 March 2011. Further 2011 Census statistics are available from the Nomis wizard/advanced query for areas in England and Wales and the SCROL site for areas in Scotland.
Census figures are used as these provide the only comprehensive source of labour market information at ward level. ONS' preferred source for this information at higher levels (local authority, parliamentary constituency, regions) is the Annual population survey. Although the ward profile includes comparative figures for local authorities and regions, ONS advises that at these geographic levels the APS figures available in the local authority profile should be used in preference to the Census figures in the ward profile. Further information on comparing Census and LFS data is given below.
The estimated population of an area includes all those usually resident in the area, whatever their nationality. HM Forces stationed outside the United Kingdom are excluded but foreign forces stationed here are included. Students are taken to be resident at their term-time address.
Economic activity: They relate to whether or not a person was working or looking for work in the week before Census. The concept of Economic Activity is compatible with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) definition of economic status.
Economically active: All people who were working in the week before the Census are described as economically active. In addition, the category includes people who were not working but were looking for work and were available to start work within 2 weeks. Full-time students who are economically active are included.
Economic activity rate (working age): The number of people, who are economically active aged 16 to 64, expressed as a percentage of all people aged 16 to 64.
Economically inactive: Within the Economic Activity classification, a person is either Economically Active or Inactive. Specific categories of Economic Inactivity are: Retired, Student (excludes those students who were working or in some other way were economically active), Looking after family/ home, Permanently sick/ disabled and Other. A person who is looking for work but is not available to start work within 2 weeks is counted as Economically Inactive.
Main job: The main job is the job in which a person usually works the most hours. Questions on employment relate to each person’s main job.
In employment: Any person who did paid work in the week before the Census, whether as an employee or self-employed, is described as employed or in employment. ‘Paid work’ includes casual or temporary work, even if only for one hour; being on a government-sponsored training scheme; being away from a job/business ill, on maternity leave, on holiday or temporarily laid off; or doing paid or unpaid work for their own or family business.
Employment rate: The number of people in employment expressed as a percentage of the resident population.
Employee: The distinction between employee and self-employed is determined by the response to the question ‘Do (did) you work as an employee or are (were) you self-employed?’ It relates to the person’s main job in the week before the Census or, if not working in the week before the Census, their last main job.
Self-employed: The distinction between employee and self employed is determined by the response to the question ‘Do (did) you work as an employee or are (were) you self-employed?’ It relates to the person’s main job in the week before Census or, if not working in the week before Census, their last main job.
Hours worked: The question on how many hours a week a person usually works in their main job is used to derive whether a person is working full-time (31 hours or more a week) or part-time (30 hours or less per week).
Full-time working: Working full-time is defined as working 31 hours or more a week.
Part-time working: Working part-time is defined as working 30
hours or less a week.
Unemployed: A person is defined as unemployed if he or she is not in employment, is available to start work in the next 2 weeks and has either looked for work in the last 4 weeks or is waiting to start a new job. This is consistent with the International Labour Office (ILO) standard classification.
Occupation: A person’s occupation is coded from the response to the question asking for the full title of the Main job and the description of what is done in that job. It is coded to the 2010 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC).
Level 4 qualifications and above: Degree (for example BA, BSc), Higher Degree (for example MA, PhD, PGCE), NVQ Level 4-5, HNC, HND, RSA Higher Diploma, BTEC Higher level, Foundation degree (NI), Professional qualifications (for example teaching, nursing, accountancy)
Level 3 qualifications: 2+ A Levels/VCEs, 4+ AS Levels, Higher School Certificate, Progression/Advanced Diploma, Welsh Baccalaureate Advanced Diploma, NVQ Level 3; Advanced GNVQ, City and Guilds Advanced Craft, ONC, OND, BTEC National, RSA Advanced Diploma
Level 2 qualifications: 5+ O Level (Passes)/CSEs (Grade 1)/GCSEs (Grades A*-C), School Certificate, 1 A Level/ 2-3 AS Levels/VCEs, Intermediate/Higher Diploma, Welsh Baccalaureate Intermediate Diploma, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ, City and Guilds Craft, BTEC First/General Diploma, RSA Diploma
Level 1 qualifications: 1-4 O Levels/CSE/GCSEs (any grades), Entry Level, Foundation Diploma, NVQ Level 1, Foundation GNVQ, Basic/Essential Skills
Apprenticeships and other qualifications: Apprenticeship, Vocational/Work-related Qualifications, Foreign Qualifications (not stated/level unknown)
No qualifications: No formal qualifications held
This is the number of people claiming Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) and National Insurance credits at Jobcentre Plus local offices. People claiming JSA must declare that they are out of work, capable of, available for and actively seeking work during the week in which the claim is made.
The percentage figures express the number of claimants resident in an area as a percentage of the population aged 16-64 resident in that area.
The total JSA claimants is mostly derived from the Jobcentre Plus computer records. For various reasons, e.g. a claimant's National Insurance number is not known, a few claims have to be dealt with manually. These clerical claims, which amount to less than 1 per cent of the total, are counted separately and not analysed in as much detail as the computerised claims. The count of total JSA claimants includes clerical claims, but only the computerised claims are analysed by age and duration.
Introduction of Universal Credit
Tables for Jobseeker's Allowance do not include claimants of Universal Credit who are claiming benefits principally for the reason of being unemployed.
A list of Jobcentres where Universal Credit is available can be found on the GOV.UK website.
New tables including claimants of Universal Credit will be introduced as soon as possible.
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Source: Office for National Statistics
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